I am in an agreement that alcohol is legal and inexpensive. Many of us enjoy a cold beer and the rest. But have you come to think of the unborn child (to the pregnant women) and the harm it can do to the growing brain? In fact, you are actually drinking for two i.e. you and the unborn baby. It is therefore important for pregnant women to take care of themselves well.
Apparently, the first medical research of the effects of alcohol consumption in pregnancy took place in 1899 and found an increase in stillbirths and infant deaths.
Consumed alcohol during the period of pregnancy may harm the fetus and embryo causing Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders (FASD) damage. FASD is an umbrella term for
- Fetal Alcohol Syndrome (FAS)
- Alcohol-Related neurodevelopment mental disorders
- Alcohol birth defects
Fetal Alcohol Syndrome is the most severe amongst the three conditions and i9s identified as a set of facial features which appears in children whose mother consumed alcohol heavily during pregnancy
Some of the effects of alcohol on children whose mother drank heavily during pregnancy include
- Mental problems
- Impaired learning
- Juvenile delinquency
- Drug addictions
- Inappropriate sexual behavior
- Work difficulties
- Developments delays
- Sleep problems
- Problems in abstract thinking
- Vision and hearing difficulties
- Memory problems
Fetal alcohol spectrum disorders are a major public health concern globally. According to world health organization (WHO), Secretaria Nacional Antidrogas (SENAD) AND Brazil, most countries have witnessed a significant increase in alcohol use. In fact; it is the most consumed drug in the world.